Textile Screen Printing

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Uploaded on : January 2013

Product & Applications

Textile printing is an art whereby the plain raw cloth is printed in different colours and designs to give it a new look. Printing is resorted to such fabric which cannot be subjected to normal weaving /knitting process. Printing motifs or other geometrical designs on the blank plain fabric adds to its value and provides it with a presentable appearance. Printing of the raw fabric is done to improve its attractiveness and marketability. Printing is basically done on finished fabric, curtain cloth, ladies dress material, bed sheets, fabric for children’s garment. Before the printing process the cloth is thoroughly prepared by bleaching scouring etc. Screen printing can be done in single colour or multi colour depending upon the requirement of the design. Colour combination is an important area which enhances the appearance of the fabric. It is as such important that that the printing material, chemicals, and printing screens should be of good quality so that the printed items are appealing and accepted in the market. Lifestyle is changing in most of the urban cities very rapidly. People are conscious of advantages and utility of different types of textile. Screen printed fabric are a new modern concept and have a good market.

Industry Profile and Market Assessment

Screen printed fabric has a good market in the country as well as it has export potential. Printed fabric can be used for designing garments both for male as well as female members. These are very popular in foreign countries. Furnishings made out of such fabric give an aesthetic look to the rooms and are very appealing. Screen printing can be done on silk, handloom or any other common fabric. It is basically a manual process and can be taken up by artisans in villages. The specialty of the process is that it can be adopted by folks from different region and depict the art of the region. Screen printing is popular in rural areas of Bengal, Odisha , Tribal art of M.P, Far Eastern regions etc.  Screen printing motifs are generally either geometric in shape or depict rural art. These are well appreciated by foreigners and fetch a good market value. These jobs can be adopted by rural women who form self help groups and then market the products in groups. The popularity of such products can be gauged by the response they receive during trade fairs and other similar exihibitions. Gthere are many NGOs working on these projects and are even exporting their products. The attractive designs and appealing colour combination contribute a lot to the popularity of such fabrics.

Manufacturing Process & Know How

The various steps involved in printing process are preparation of printing paste , printing of fabric fixation of dye stuff by curing/steaming, washing off, calendaring folding and packing.  Scoured and bleached fabric is obtained from market inspected for any defects and stretched evenly on the printing table. Screens with designs and motifs are placed over the table and dye paste is pressed over the screen by means of rubber squeezers. Care is taken to select proper dyes and gums depending on the cloth and its end use. After printing the cloth is cured or steamed for fixation of colour. The cloth is next thoroughly   washed to remove any excess dye etc. It is then calendared folded and packed.
Know how is available with Central Government research Laboratories. The machinery is all indigenously available.
The production capacity envisaged is:

  1. Printed Fabric – 12,500 mts.

  2. Printed Sarees – 25,000 nos. on three shift basis for 300 days per year.


Plant and Machinery:


The main plant and machinery required comprise


      • Printing Table                    4 no.
        Rubber Squeezers              15nos.
        Cottage steamer                 1no
        Open width jigger              1 no
        Cylinder drying m/c           1 no.
        Baby boiler                        1 no.
        Wash room Trolleys          3 nos.
        Dye paste stirrer                 3 nos. 


      The total cost of machinery is estimated to be Rs.13.50 lakhs.
      The unit will also require miscellaneous assets such as furniture, fixtures, storage facilities etc. the total cost of these is estimated to be Rs. 0.80 lakhs.
      The total requirement of power shall be 15 HP.


Raw material and Packing Material

The basic raw material for the unit is good quality Dyed / Bleached clothes, various dyes, Gums, Chemicals and auxiliaries and thickner. Besides, the unit will     also require packing boxes, polythene bags etc. for packing. The annual requirement of raw material and packing material is estimated to be Rs.52.7 lakhs at rated capacity.  The packing may be of two types for retail sale and for bulk sale. For retail printed polythene bags are suitable, while for bulk polylined gunny bags. Packing material like boxes, polythene sheets, box strapping etc shall also be required.
At 60% capacity in 1st year the cost works out to Rs. 31.62 lakhs.


Land and Building

For smooth operation of the unit, it will require a built up area of 300 sq. mts. The total cost of land and building is estimated at Rs.. 10.80 lakhs.



For smooth functioning of the unit the requirement of man power is expected to be around 11 persons.


Sales person                            Self          
Print Master                                                                     1
Skilled Workers                                                                5
Semi skilled workers                                                           1
Helpers                                                                              2
Supervisor                                                      1

The annual salary bill is estimated to be aroundRs.6.19 lakhs.:


Sales Revenue: (100% capacity)

Selling price varies depending on the product quality. For products such as  sarees an average price of Rs. 300/- per pcs  has been taken, and for printed fabric the average price is Rs. 80 per mt. the annual income at installed capacity works out to Rs. 85.00 lakhs. At 60% installed capacity it is Rs. 51.00 lakhs.


Cost of Project:


Rs. lakhs 
Land & Building             10.80
Plant & Machinery      13.50
Other assets              0.80
Contingencies             2.50
 P & P expenses       1.00
Margin money               2.53
Total                     31.13
Means of Finance  
Promoters Contribution 16.83
Term Loan 14.30
Total 31.13




                           Rs. lakhs 
Sales                              51.00
Raw material                 31.62                         
Salary 6.19
Utilities                                        0.65                          
Stores & Spares 0.30
Repairs & Maintenance 0.60
Selling expenses                       5.10
Administrative expenses           2.02
Depreciation 1.35                       
Interest on T.L                       1.57
Interest on W.C                          0.51                        
Cost of production                   49.91                            
Profit                                          1.09 


Requirement of Working Capital (Rs. in lakhs)


    Margin W.C        Margin money
Raw material & packing      15 days    30%  1.58                  0.47
Stock of finished goods       15 days    25%   2.21            0.55
Working expenses                1 month 100% 0.87              0.87      
Sale on credit                        15 days   25%  2.55             0.64
Margin money for W.C         2.53             


Break Even point:   58%


Machinery Suppliers

      1. M/S Anil Starch Products, Anil Road, Ahmedabad.

      2. M/s Super tex India Corp.Besant Road, Mumbai.

      3. M/S KAM Syndicate, Tanulane, Santacruz, Mumbai.

      4. M/S S. Pritam Singh& Sons, Wazirpur Industrial Area, N.Delhi.

      5. M/S Amar Dye Chem, Sita Devi Temple Road, Mumbai.


For further information please contact

Information Manager
TIMEIS Project
E-mail: timeis@ficci.com