School Uniforms

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Product Code 18101
Quality and Standards N.A.
Production Capacity Qty. : 30000 Pcs.
Value: Rs.
Uploaded on August 2007


This profile shows the costs structure, profitability and other particulars for making school uniforms for children in the age group 3-10 years. It is suggested that school uniforms be made for six to eight months and ready-made garments for the remaining months of the year in order to keep that unit functioning. Cloth requirements, costs and product prices are worked out in this report on the basis of average sizes of uniforms and readymade garments.

Market Potential

Uniform for school students is a must in any region. It can be assumed that every student requires at least two pairs of uniform every year. This assumption suggests that the proposed capacity of 6,000 pairs requires at least 3,000 students in the location where this unit is to be set up. Therefore the unit would have enough market potential in any area where 8-10 schools function. The total market potential in any particular location can be worked out by multiplying the number of students upto 10 years age in each school and the number of schools. Generally people prefer to buy ready-made garments for children instead of getting it stitched. Additional item proposed in this project is readymade garments for children. Capacity of such ready-made garments is only 3,000 pieces and the market would not be difficult as clothing is one of the basic necessities.

Basis and Presumptions

  • This project profile has been prepared on the basis of double shift of 16 hrs. per day, 25 days in a month.
  • The rates quoted in respect of salary and wages are above the minimum wages.
  • Interest rate on term loan and working capital loan has been taken @ 13% .
  • Margin money is required at 30% of total capital investment.
  • Cost of machinery and equipments, raw materials and consumables, other expenses etc. indicated in the profile are based on the prices prevailing at the time of project preparation. Therefore, these are subject to necessary changes from time to time.

Implementation Schedule

For commencement of production, the project will take a period of 6 months from the date of approval of the scheme. Break-up of the activities with relative time for each activity is shown below:

Name of Activity


Scheme preparation and approval 1 month
Provisional registration as SSI 1 week
Sanction of loan 3 months
Placement of orders for delivery of machinery 2 weeks
Installation of machinery 1 week
Electrification 2 weeks
Recruitment of staff and workers. 2 weeks

Technical Aspects

Process of Manufacture

Manufacturing process involves following steps:

  • Procurement of fabric: As per the demand, dyed/bleached/printed cotton/synthetic fabric of various colours are to be procured from the market. Fabric will be inspected by laying on the inspection table against light before cutting so that unevenness in colour/ shade or any other fault if visible in the fabric are eliminated.
  • Cutting and Stitching: Inspected fabric is placed on the cutting table in the form of layers and then the different parts of the respective garments is demarked by a chalk as per different sizes. Cutting of garment parts is done manually.
    Stitching is carried out for individual portion of the garments by skilled workers with the help of over lock, lock stitch machines etc.
  • Checking, Processing and Packing: Final checking is done before pressing and packing on the checking table so that any fault in the piece may be removed and protruding threads may be eliminated. Individual pieces are pressed by electric presses to remove any wrinklemarks and packed in the carton boxes.

Quality Control and Standards

No standards are available for the manufacturing of these items. However, care must be taken to procure good quality apparel fabrics.

Production Capacity (per annum)

Production capacity of the unit is 15,000 pieces of school uniforms including 3,000 pieces of children readymade garments.

Motive Power

HP power is required to run this unit at full capacity.

Financial Aspects

Fixed Capital

Land and Building
Land @ Rs. 3000p.s.m. Amounting Rs 600000.00
Building Area
Factory shed 100 sq. mt.
Store (Raw material) 25 sq. mt.
Store (Finished goods) 50 sq. mt.
Office etc. 25 sq. mt.
Total Covered Area 100 sq. mt.
Total Construction Cost @ Rs. 4000/ 400000.00
Total Investment in land and Building 1000000.00

Machinery and Equipments



Rate (Rs.)

Amount (Rs.)

Singer universal sewing machine with 1/4 HP 4 8000 32000
Singer automatic zig-zag machine 1 24000 24000
Singer overlock with 1/2 HP motor 1 9000 9000
Cutting table 1 2500 2500
Other miscellaneous assets (scissors, tapes, etc.) LS 3600 3600
Total 75100

Other Fixed Assets


Erection and installation 8000
Furniture 40000
Pre-operative expenses 10000
Total 10000
Total Fixed Capital(i)+(ii)+(iii) 1133100

Working Capital (per month)

Staff and Labour Wages



Rate (Rs.)

Amount (Rs.)

Manager/ Cutting Master 1 8000 8000
Skilled workers 12 5000 60000
Un-skilled workers 6 3000 18000
Peon/chowkidar 1 3000 3000
Total 89000
Perquisites @ 22% 19580
G. Total 108580

Raw Material


Qty (mts.)

Rate / Unit (Rs.)

Amount (Rs.)

Plain dyed P/C cloth 400 64 25600
P/C cloth for Shirting 550 58 31900
Dyed Cotton cloth for Froc 460 52 23920
P/C cloth for blouse 520 52 27040
Cloth for stitching of RMG 520 520 520
Sewing thread, zips etc. LS   3500
Total     143160

Utilities (per month)


Electricity bill, water and sanitation 4000
Total 4000

Other Contingent Expenses


Repair and maintenance @ 5% 4000
Postage/stationery, telephone etc. 1000
Miscellaneous 2000
Total 7000

Total Recurring Expenses (per month)


Staff and labour 108580
Raw material 143160
Utilities 4000
Other expenses 7000
Total 262740

Total Working Capital (for 1 month) Rs. 262740

Total Capital Investment

Land ,Machinery and equipment 1133100
Working capital for 2 months 525480
Total 1658580

Financial Analysis

Cost of Production (per year)


Recurring expenses 3152880
Depreciation on machinery @10% 7510
Depreciation on Building @ 5 % 50000
Interest on total capital investment @ 13% 34156.2
Total 3244546.2

Total Sales





Knicker 6000 130 780000
Shirt 6000 110 660000
Frock 6000 110 660000
Blouse 6000 110 660000
Readymade Garments 6000 120 720000
Total 30000   3480000

Profit (per annum)

Net Profit Ratio (Net Profit/ Turnover per annum) 6.77
Rate of Return on Investment (Net Profit/Total Capital Investment) 14.2

Break-even Point

Fixed Cost


Depreciation on building 50000
Depreciation on machinery @ 10% 7510
Interest on term loan amount 34156.2
40% of salary and wages 521184
40% of other expenses 33600
Total 646450.2
B.E.P FC + Profit

Addresses of Machinery Suppliers

  • M/s. Technik India (Apparel) Private Limited
    74-E, First Floor,
    Southern Wing,
    Mount Road, Guindy,
    Chennai-600 032
  • M/s. Industrial Sewing Systems
    19, First Floor,
    Jawaharlal Nehru Salai,
    Ambal Nagar,
    Chennai-600 097
  • M/s. Apparel and Leather Technics Limited
    Kaikondanahalli, Sarjapur Road,
    Near Bellandur Gate,
    Carmelram Post,
    Bangalore–560 035
  • M/s. Apparels and Leather Technics Limited
    B-283, Okhla Industrial Area,
    New Delhi-110 020.

Raw Material Suppliers

  • M/s. Shree Meena Fashions
    No. 478/32, F, Ist Floor,
    Chinery Vayal Kadu, Pallapatty,
    Salem-636 009
  • M/s. Kalaimani Textiles
    No. 1, Selvapuram,
    Thennampalayam Extn.
    Tirupur-641 604
  • Agents of Weaving Mills.
  • Powerloom Clusters in different states.

For further information please contact

Information Manager
TIMEIS Project