Hair Brushes

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Product Code 389102008/ 303835001
Quality and Standards IS 4584:1968 (Reaffirmed with amendment
Nos. 2 :1999.)
Production Capacity Qty. : 162000 Nos. (per annum)
Value : Rs. 5166000
Uploaded on April 2007


The brushes used in polishing of Shoes, dusting of Woolen Clothes, Carpets and for dressing up of ladies hair etc, fall in the category of hair brushes. They are useful household products and are available in different sizes and shapes.

Market Potential

The products being of daily use have vast scope for production and sale in big cities, towns and in villages as well. As the standard of living is going up, the demand of hair brushes is also increasing throughout the country. The products also have good scope for exports.

Basis and Presumptions

  • Unit is assumed to work 16 hours per day on double shift basis for 300 working days in a year.
  • It is expected to achieve 75% efficiency of full capacity utilization.
  • Wages for workers have been taken as those prevailing at the time of preparation of Project Profile.
  • Interest Rate for the Fixed and Working Capital of the project has been taken at an average rate of 12% per annum.
  • The Building is of own
  • The Cost of Machinery and Equipment has been taken as per the prices prevailing in the local markets.

Technical Aspects

Process of Manufacture

  • Manufacturing and Painting of wooden frames and handles.
  • Preparation of hairs and cutting to size.
  • Bunching of hairs and fixing in frames.
  • Fixing up of frames and handles with adhesive glue.
  • Dressing up and packing up of brushes.

Implementation Schedule


Period in Weeks

Preparation of Project Report 2
Selection of Site 2
Provisional Registration as Small Scale Unit 1
Availability of Loan/Finance 4
Procurement of Machinery and Equipment 2
Erection of Machinery and Equipment 1
Recruitment of Staff and Labour 2
Procurement of Raw Material 2
Trial Production 2

The overall time required to commission the project may be 4 to 5 months.

Quality Control and Standards

BIS has laid down IS Specification No. IS: 4585:68, Reaffirmed - 1999 for Shoe Brushes which may be followed for producing quality goods. Other products may be manufactured as per customers' requirements.

Production Capacity (per annum)

i. Shoe Brushes 120,000 Nos.
ii. Wooden Cloth and Carpet Brushes 24,000 Nos.
iii. Ladies Hair Brushes 18,000 Nos.
Total Rs. 5166000 lakhs

Pollution Control

The process of manufacture is non polluting and hence no pollution control measures are necessary.

Energy Conservation

The power consumption in this unit is not of high order where special energy conservation needs may have to be looked into. However, judicious use of energy may be always advisable for which proper maintenance of machines may be undertaken periodically and idle running of machine avoided.

Financial Aspects

Fixed Capital

(i) Land and Building
(i) Land 100 sq. mtr. @ Rs. 3500 per sq. mtr including registration 350000
(ii) Construction Cost(workshop, office and store) for 100 Sq. mtr @ 5000/ per sq. mtr 500000
(iii)Water Supply system(including Tube well +overhead tanK) 50000
Total civil cost= cost of land + building 900000

(ii) Machinery and Equipment


Qty. Nos.

Amount (In Rs.)

Wood Working Circular Saw 8" dia complete with 1 HP motor, Pulley, belt and starter 1 7500
Wood Working Jig Saw Machine having 20" depth 12" × 12" Table complete with 1 HP Motor, Pulley, Belt and Starter 1 15750
Wood Trimming Lathe 4' with ½ HP motor 1 11550
Belt and Disc Sander complete with motor ½ HP and Pulley and Belt 1 7750
Motorised Bench type drilling machine with ½ HP Motor, Capacity-13 mm 1 6650
Buffing and Polishing
Machine with ½ HP
Motor with stand
1 9700
Total 58900
Installation and Electrification charges @ 10% 5890
Cost of Dies, Tools and Fixtures, and Measuring equipments 10000
Cost of Office Equipment/ Working Table etc. 40000
Total(ii) 114790
(iii) Pre-Operative Expenses 20000
Fixed Capital (i+ii+iii) 20 1034790

B. Working Capital (per month)

(i) Staff and Labour



Salary (Rs.)

Amount (In Rs.)

Manager 1 12000 12000
Clerk/Accountant 1 7000 7000
Supervisor 2 7000 14000
Skilled Workers 6 5500 33000
Semi-skilled Workers 6 4500 27000
Helpers 6 3000 18000
Peon/Watchman 2 3000 6000
Total 117000
Perquisites @ 22% of Salary 25740
Total 142740

(ii) Raw Material Including Packing Materials


Rate (Rs.)


Total (In Rs.)

Natural Hair Assorted type 400/ Kg. 240 kg. 96000
Sawn Wood/Timer of soft grain 300/ C.f.t. 100 C.f.t. 30000
Resin/Glue 105/kg. 200 Kg. 21000
Paint/Varnish and Nylon Thread 120/Kg 200 Kg. 24000
Packing Material L.S   15000
Total 186000

(iii) Utilities


Amount (Rs.)

Average consumption 2000 KWH Unit @ Rs. 5/ unit 10000

(iv) Other Contingent Expenses

Other Contingent Expenses

(In Rs.)

Repair and Maintenance 4000
Postage and Stationery 4000
Telephone Charges 3000
Transportation and Freight 10000
Insurance 3000
Sales Expenses 10000
Miscellaneous Expenses 10000
Total 44000

(v) Working Capital (per month)


Amount (Rs.)

Raw Material 186000
Salary/Wages 142740
Utilities 10000
Other Contingent Expenditure 44000
Total 382740
(vi) Working Capital for 1.5 Months = Rs. 382740 × 1.5

C. Total Capital Investment

(i) Fixed Capital 1034790
(ii) Working Capital for 1.5 months 574110
Total 1608900

Machinery Utilisation

Bunching of hairs and fixing is bottleneck operation, hence by applying more workers production can be increased.

Financial Analysis

Cost of Production (per year)

Amount (Rs.)

Total Recurring Expenditure 4592880
Depreciation on Plant and Machinery and Equipment @ 10% 5890
Depreciation on Civil cost 5 % 45000
Depreciation of Office Equipment/ Furniture @ 20% 8000
Depreciation on Tools, fixtures @ 25% 2500
Interest on Total Capital Inv. @ 12% 193068
Total 4847338

Turnover (per year)


Qty. Nos.

Rate (Rs.)

Total (In Rs.)

Shoe Brushes 120000 28 3360000
Woollen Clothes and Carpet Brushes 24000 40 960000
Ladies Hair Brushes 18000 47 846000
Total     5166000


Sales - Cost of Production 318662
Percentage Profit on Sales 6.17%
Rate of Return on Total Capital Investment 19.81%

Break-even Point

Fixed Cost


Amount (Rs.)

Total Depreciation 16390
Depreciation on Building 45000
Insurance 36000
Interest on Total Capital Investment 193068
40% of Salary and Wages 685152
40% of Other Contingent Expenses Excluding insurance 196800
Total 1172410
B.E.P Fixed Cost × 100
Fixed Cost + Profit
Where, F.C. = 1172410
Profit = 318662
  = 78.63

Addresses of Machinery and Equipment Suppliers

  • M/s. Essential Machine Tools Pvt. Ltd.
    5, Nyay Murthi G.N. Vaidya Marg,
    Bank Street, P.O. Box No. 2,
    Behind State Bank of India,
    Fort, Mumbai – 400 001
  • M/s. Perfect Machine Tools Co. Pvt. Ltd.
    Sir P.M. Road, Mumbai.

Raw Material Suppliers

Locally available.

For further information please contact

Information Manager
TIMEIS Project