Leather Garment

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Product Code N.A.
Quality and Standards Leather Garments For Men, Women and Children as per Buyer's Specification.
Production Capacity
Description Amount (Rs.)
Leather Coat for Men, Women 45000 Pcs @ Rs. 3000 135000000
Leather Jackets, Shirts, Blouses and Trousers –22500 pcs @ Rs. 2500 56250000
Leather Shorts, Shirts etc. 15000 pcs @ Rs.1200 18000000
Children Leather Wears 7500 pcs @ Rs.1000 7500000
Uploaded on March 2007


Leather Garments are one of the sophisticated products of finished leather. Leather Garments consist of articles of leather apparel and other cloth accessories as per ITC Classification which would include more specifically Gents Leather jackets, Long Coats, Waist/Shorts, Leather Pants/Shorts (Gents), Leather Jackets for ladies, Long Coats, Waist Coats/Shirts, Pant/Shorts and Children Garments. These are used only in cold places and usually garments made for autumn – winter are made of some what heavy leather from Hides with thick lining of either wool or artificial fur. Demand for Goat suede and light sheep nappa is generally high for European markets in spring summer while that for cow hides and somewhat heavy sheet skin is high for the autumnwinter in Europe and the USA.

Market Potential

Digital Technologies are changing the perspectives of business and culture with the advent of new computing tools for the home and office or new communication net works in the world. Technology is the single most important force behind the creation of enterprise. The Leather Garment sector is in close contact with the latest trends in the fashion. Therefore, the new winds in the fashion world always have a direct effect on the development of the sector and gives a wider scope for marketability.

Leather Garment production in India is almost exclusively for export. Some demand for Jackets exists but this is limited to some North Indian towns, which experience severe winter.

India's export for Leather Garments has been 5.28 million, 6.50 million and 6.9 million pieces during the year 1997, 1998 and 1999 respectively. The estimated production capacity for Leather Garments in India has been estimated at 18 million pieces a year. In 1998, the total value of India's Garments export was the third highest next only to that of China and Turkey. In 1999, India has reached the second place next to China, Korea, which used to command the second position in export of garments has fallen way behind.

Now that the demand seems to be picking up from the beginning of 2000, it would open up scope for new garment units which will help the country to increase the export of garments. As a matter of fact, it is heartening to note that the total export of Leather Garments during the year 2000-01 was higher than the export during the same period in 1999-2000 by as much as 33% in terms of US $.

In the circumstances, it would, therefore, be prudent to concentrate India's efforts in the currently strong importing countries viz. USA, U.K., Germany. Italy, France, Netherlands etc.

Basis and Presumptions

  • For achieving the full capacity utilisation of the plant, the efficiency should be 100% with 2400 working hours.
  • The time period for achieving the full capacity is three years - 60% in Ist year, 75% in 2nd year and 90% in 3rd year.
  • Labour wages as per the existing rates in the region.
  • Interest Rate: 12% for the fixed and working capital
  • Margin Money: 33 % of the total capital investment
  • Pay back period: 5 years after starting the regular production
  • Land and Building: Own

Implementation Schedule

The implementation schedule is anticipated to be about one year which is necessary considering the time required for preparation of project report and appraisal, registration, obtaining loan, acquiring land, building, plant and machinery, organising working infrastructure, establishing contacts with parties, buyers and market agencies etc.

Technical Aspects

Process of Manufacture

The manufacturing process in the industry does not involve much complicated techniques. Leather garment industry is normally based on strict specification of buyer and country to which items are exported. Due care has to be taken in the manufacturing garments as follows

  • The component of the article is to cut from the materials as per specification or keeping in view the quality. This comprises a complete list of properly evaluated materials both leather and auxiliaries, components in addition to correct pattern for cutting leather, lining etc.
  • The design evaluation may be conducted in a small batch or trial production to find out the production difficulties so that these can be sorted out and timely corrected.
  • The items should be manufactured as per strict design and specification of the buyer or standards.
  • Component Specification: This consists of details of materials plus dimensional stability or tolerance so that the component will fit up or stand satisfactorily.
  • Process and Production Control: This is an area where control could be actually implemented. As for materials, Leather lining and auxiliaries should be tested for tear, stitch tear and tensile strength. Fastness of colours of Leather has to be tested repeatedly.

    Threads: One of the most important requirement in thread is a level of properly balanced twist, particularly in Garment industry, stitching plays a vital role and synthetic thread is much stronger than cotton and does not absorb moisture so readily.

    Glue and Cements: Adhesive plays a dominant role in the fabrication of leather joints and testing of emblem. Invariably, the closing of joints is first secured by adhesives and later by means of stitching.

    Grindery and Hardware: These are known as metal grindery or hardware and some of the embellishments and fittings are also grouped in this category.

    Zip Fastener: In Garment Industry Zip Fastener plays a key role and oftenly tear and wear related complaint come from buyers. So the imported fastener may be used duly tested by repeated closing and opening method. Finally in the assembling section, which is mainly concerned with the workmanship is carried out at each stage. The final inspection takes place before the goods are packed and sent for stores.

    Embellishment: Due care should be taken while doing this job, a small negligence will damage the whole product.

Quality Control and Standards

No particular specification of this product is available. The specifications in the export market mainly relate to the quality of leather i.e. colour fastness, softness and resistance to moisture and cold. Other specifications like pattern, design would be as per the requirements of the buyer. However, the following specification for accessories has been given below which are as per BIS.

Standards Related To Leather Garments Industry and Related Items

Elastic Tapes IS 9686
Metal Buckles IS 96986:1980
Threads IS 1376/1803
Leather Garment Sizing System IS 10397
Care of Leather Garments NIL
Metalic Slide Fastner IS 3148:1983
Garment Quality Guide IS 12675
Leather For Garments IS 12718
Fur Leather IS 3840/2961
Fusible Lining IS 12806
Zip Fasteners IS 8894/3184/4829

Production Capacity

It is proposed to manufacture 90,000 pieces of Leather Garments for Men, Women and Children valued at Rs.

Quantity 90,000 pieces
Value 216750000

Motive Power

Motive Power 5 KV.

Pollution Control

The Leather Garment Manufacturing unit does not contain any environmental hazards, the performance of Production System is through waste minimisation/utilities and it is revealed that the waste emanating from 70% of the unit is utilised by the small leather goods (Tiny Sector) industries i.e. Chappal Manufacturing, Small Coin Purses manufacturing and Key Chain Purse Manufacturing units.

Energy Conservation

Energy is spent in the factory in the form of electricity and fuel. The workers should be properly trained to operate the machines as and when required. They should be trained cautioned to yield maximum units during the machine operation which would not allow the machine to run by motive power unnecessarily. The electrical lines should be properly made and checked at regular intervals.

Financial Aspects

Fixed Capital

Land and Building
Land 1 Acres @ Rs. 2000000 2000000
Building Covered Area Office cum sheds – 3000 sq.ft. @ Rs. 1000 3000000
Water System and electricity backup including tube well and generator set for electricity backup 500000
Total 5500000

Machinery and Equipments

Machinery and Equipments Description

Imp./ Ind.



Rate Rs.

Value (Rs.)

Flat Bed, Lock Stitch Sewing M/c. Imp. 33 5 40000 200000
Flat Bed Two Thread, Double Needle Lock Stitch Sewing M/c. Imp. 33 4 75000 300000
Zig-Zag Stitch Sewing M/c. Imp. 33 2 35000 70000
Cylinder Bed Lockstich Sewing M/c. Imp. .5 2 90000 180000
High Speed Single Thread Lock Stitch Sewing M/c. Imp. .5 2 50000 100000
Strape Cutting M/c. Imp. .25 1 20000 20000
Post Bed Lock Stitch Sewing M/c. Imp. .33 2 50000 100000
High Speed Single Thread Chain Stitch Sewing Machine Imp. .33 1 39000 39000
Button Stitching Sewing, Single Thread Imp. .25 1 38,000 38000
Hem Turning M/c. Clicking Press Imp. .25 1 30,000 30,000
Skiving Machine Imp. .5 1 40,000 40000
Cliking Press Imp. 1 1 400000 400000
Tools and Equipments LS       60000
Office and Workshop Furniture LS       200000
Taxes ,Electrification and installation of machinery @ 40% of machinery cost         606800
Total         2383800

Total Fixed Cost


Land and Building 5500000
Plant and Machinery 2383800
Total 7883800

B. Working Capital (per month)

(i) Raw Material (per month) (for 7500 Pcs)



Rate (Rs.)

Total (Rs.)

Nappa Leather, Suede Leather, Cow Softy Leather, Cow/Sheep/Goat 1st grade Leather 187500 sq.ft leather @ 25 sq.ft. per piece 60 11250000
Lining, Non woven/ Woven Fusible, Interlining, Ribcloth, Satin, Jacqards, polyester, staple yarns 22500 Mts. @ . 90 mtr. 2025000
Zip, Buttons, Threads, Adhesive, Embellishments and Other Accessories For 7500 Pcs. @ Rs. 120/ pcs   900000
Packing Materials For 7500 Pcs @ 20/ Pcs   150000
Total 14325000

(ii) Staff and Labour (per month)



Salary (Rs.)

Total (Rs.)

Manager/Designer 1 20000 20000
Supervisor 3 7000 21000
Clerk-cum-typist 1 4000 4000
Accountant-cum-Store-keeper 1 6000 6000
Watchman-cum-peon 2 3000 6000
Technical, Skilled and Semi-skilled     0
Skilled Worker 15 6000 90000
Semi-killed Worker 10 5000 50000
Unskilled Worker 5 3000 15000
Total 212000
Perquisites @ 22% 46640
Total 50000

(iii) Utilities (per month)


Amount (Rs.)

Power L.S. 30000
Total   30000

(iv) Other Contingent Expenses (per month)


Amount (Rs.)

Postage and Stationery 10000
Advertisement and Publicity 100000
Telephone 10000
Transportation 20000
Consumables 10000
Legal Expenses 20000
Insurance 8000
Total 178000

(v) Total Working Capital (per month)


Amount (Rs.)

Raw Materials 14325000
Salary and Wages 258640
Utilities 30000
Other Contingent Expenses 178000
Total 14791640
Total Working Capital for 3 months = 44374920

C. Total Capital Investment

Fixed Cost 7883800
Working Capital for 3 months 44374920
Total 52258720

Financial Analysis

Cost of Production (per year)

Amount (Rs.)

Total Recurring Expenditure 181144800
Depreciation on Machinery @ 10% 600000
Depreciation on tool and Equipment @ 25% 1515460
Depreciation on furniture @ 20% 100000
Depreciation on Building @ 5% 275000
Interest on total Capital Investment @ 12% 6271046
Total 184252426

Turnover (per year)


Quantity(in pairs)

Rate (Rs.)/pair

Value (Rs.)

Leather Coats Men/Women 45000 3000 135000000
Leather Jacket, Shirts, Blouses and Trousers 22500 2500 56250000
Leather Short, Shirts and Mini Skirts 15000 1200 18000000
Leather Children Garments 7500 1000 7500000
Total 60,000   216750000

Net Profit (per year) (Before Income Tax)

  Annual Turnover – Cost of Production
  Rs. 216750000 – 184252426
  = 32497574

Net Profit Ratio

  Net Profit x 100
Turnover per annum
  32497574x 100

Rate of Return


Net Profit x 100

Total Capital Investment

  35160069x 100

Break-even Point

Fixed Cost (per annum)


Amount (Rs.)

Depreciation on Machinery 151700
Depreciation on Office Equipments and Furniture 55000
Depreciation on Building 275000
Interest on Capital Investment 6271046
Insurance 96000
40% of salary and wages 1241472
40% of other contingent expenses 816000
Total 8090218
B.E.P Fixed Cost x 100
Fixed Cost + Profit

Addresses of Machinery and Raw Material Suppliers

  • M/s. Prototype Dev. Training Centre
    B/24. Guindy Estate,
    Chennai –9
  • M/s. Cochin Leathers Pvt. Ltd.
    Industrial Dev. Area,
    Edayar, Muppathadam PO,
    Cochin 683 102
  • M/s. Twin Star Engineering
    2, Thiruneermala Road,
    Pammal, Chennai 75
  • M/s. Atlant Trading Pvt. Ltd.
    Atur House, Worli Naka,
    Mumbai 400 018
  • M/s. Valliappa Leather Corporation
    3/5, Narayana Chetty Street,
    Periamet, Chennai – 3
  • M/s. Solar
    Atur House,
    Worli Naka,
    Mumbai 400 018
  • M/s. T. Abdul Wahid and Co.
    26, Vepery High Road,
    Chennai –3
  • M/s. Chandra's Chemical Ent. Ltd.
    5, Naval Hospital Road,
    1st Floor, Periamet,
    Chennai –3
  • M/s. Akay Sales Corporation
    Office: C-8-346, Ring Road,
    Naraina, New Delhi –110028
  • M/s. Zeb Exports Pvt. Ltd.
    280 Sidappa Lay Out,
    Bommanhalli Post,
    Bangalore–560 068
  • M/s. Jay Cee Enterprises (P) Ltd.
    E-357, Greater Kailash – II,
    New Delhi–110048.

For further information please contact

Information Manager
TIMEIS Project
E-mail: timeis@ficci.com