Belts and Fan Belts

Home » Technology » Project Profiles » Chemical » V - Belts and Fan Belts
Product Code 35215
Quality and Standards Not available in BIS. As per market demand
Production Capacity: Qty. Quantity : 12 kilo litres (per annum)
Value : Rs. 30,00,000
Uploaded on 29th December 2006


Ball pen is one of the most essential items for students, educational institutions and for office work, etc. Ink is a viscous and coloured fluid composed of reflux blue, varnishes, oil and drier. This is a mass consumption item.

Market Potential

Ball pen is the most common tool for all schools, colleges and university going students for writing purpose. As greater emphasis is being laid on removal of illiteracy, the prospects of Ball pen ink industry are bright.

Basis and Presumptions

Efficiency and working hours considered for full capacity utilization. 8 working hours/day/shift 300 working days taken into account annually.
Time period for achieving full/ envisaged capacity utilization. Within 2 months after trial production.
Labours, wages and conditions. As per local salaries.
Interest rate for fixed and working capital. Average @ 14%
Margin money Average 25%
Rented shed With partition walls 20'×21'
Costing of machinery and equipment. As per local rates.

Implementation Schedule

Selection of site 2 months
Collection of quotation for M/c and Equipment 2 months
Procurement of machinery. 1 month
Placement of order for raw material 1/2 month
Commercial production ½ month
Total 6 months

Technical Aspects

Process of Manufacture

Metal complex dyes and complexes in castor oil/stand oil, varnishes and driers are mixed together in suitable proportions in a mixing machine. The material so produced is called ball pen ink, which is viscous in nature. Metal complex dyes are chosen to get a shade to suit customer's requirements. A list of metal complex dyes used for making ball pen ink is given at the end.

Quality Control and Standards

  • As per market demand.

Sales Revenue

(100% capacity) Selling price varies depending on the product quality. An average price of Rs 32,000/- per tonne has been taken the annual income at installed capacity of 200 tonnes is Rs 64.00 lakhs.

Production Capacity (per annum)


Rs. lakhs

Quantity 12 kilo litres
Value Rs. 30,00,000

Motive Power

Electric power 5 H.P. approx.
Man power 8 Nos.

Pollution Control

No liquid or gaseous effluents are released during the process. Pollution is not involved.

Energy Conservation

  • As per market demand.Not much relevant.

Break Even point


Financial Aspects

A. Fixed Capital

(i) Shed of size (rented) 20'×20' with partition walls Rs. 200 per month
(ii) Machinery and Equipments

Description of M/cs


Price (Rs.)

Mixing machine with motor Cap. 10 litres per 8 hrs. 1 60,000
Weighing m/c platform type Cap. 50 kg. 1 15,000
Shovel made of stainless steel material 4 4,000
Scraper knife 4 1600
Storage tank (for varnish and oil) HDPP material 2 8,000
Triple Roll Mill 1 50,000
Total 1,38,600

(iii) Testing Equipments

Testing Equipments


Price (Rs.)

Ford's cup 2 2,500
Rectangular Glass Sheet 2 800
Exhaust Fan (for pollution control) 1 800
Cost of power connection, Electrification and installation Charges @ 10% of the cost of M/c. and equipments   14,270
Total Cost of M/c. and Equipment Rs. 156970
Cost of office equipments/ working Tables and chairs etc. 5,000
Pre-operative Expenses Rs. 5,000
Total Fixed Capital Rs. 166,970

B. Working Capital (per month)

(i) Personnel



Salary (Rs.)

Total (Rs.)

Manager/Chemist 1 3000 3,000
Accountant/Clerk 1 2000 2,000

Technical Staff

Skilled workers 2 1500 3,000
Unskilled workers 2 1200 2,400
Casual labour 2 1000 2,000
Total 12,400
(+) Perquisites @ 15% of salaries 1,860
Total 14,260

(ii) Raw material including Packaging (per month)



Rate (Rs.)

Value (Rs.)

Metal Complex 200Kg. 400/ kg. dyes 80,000
Stand oil/castor oil/solvents 550 kg. 130/Kg 71,500
Varnishes (alkyd/ Phenolic/Maleic) 250 Kg. 140/Kg 35,000
Drier 10 Kg. 230/Kg 2,300
Total 1,88,800

(iii) Utilities (per month)




Power 200Kg. 400/ kg. dyes
Water charges L.S. 500
Total 2750

(iv) Other Contingent Expenses (per month)



Rent of the shed 2000
Postage and stationery 500
Consumable stores 500
Repairs and maintenance 500
Transport charges 1000
Advertisement and publicity 1500
Insurance 1500
Sales expenses and miscellaneous expenditure 1000
Total 8500

(v) Total Recurring Expenditure (per month)



Raw material 1,88,800
Utilities 2,750
Salary/Wages 14,260
Other expenditure 8,500
Total 2,14,310

C. Total Capital Investment

Fixed capital Rs. 1,66,970
Working capital for 3 months Rs. 6,42,930
Total Rs. 8,09,900

Financial Analysis

Cost of production (per year)


Total expenditure 25,71,720
Depreciation on machinery @ 10% 14,270
Depreciation on furniture @ 20% 1,000
Interest on total capital investment 1,13,400
Total 27,00,390

Turnover (per year)


Ball Pen Ink 12 KL @ Rs. 250 per litre 30,00,000

Net Profit Before Income Tax

Rs. 2,99,610

Net Profit Ratio 10%
Rate of Return 37%
Break-even Point

Calculation of Fixed Cost


Depreciation on m/cs., equipments and office equipments 14270
Rent of shed 24000
Interest on total investment 113400
Insurance 18000
40% of salaries and wages 68448
40% of other contingent expenses (excluding rent and insurance) 24000
Total 262118


Rs. 3,12,632

B.E.P   FC ×100
    249096 × 100
262118+ 299610
-----------× 100

Additional Information

  • Machinery and equipments can be fabricated locally.
  • Taxes like sales tax, income tax, etc. not included in the project profile.

Basic dyes for Ball Pen Ink

  • Victoria Blue Base F 4 R
  • Methyl Violet base
  • Basonyl Yellow X-RL 300%
  • Basonyl Brilliant Red X-4 G 300%
  • Basonyl Green 830 Liquid
  • Basonyl Blue 636
  • Basonyl Violet 600
  • Basonyl Red 482
  • Basonyl Red 540
  • Rhodamine GDN Extra

Addresses of Machinery Suppliers

  • M/s. Anup Engineering Ltd.
    Post Box No. 1158,
  • M/s. Billy Engg. Enterprises
    761, Thiruvettivur,
  • M/s. APV Eng. Co. Ltd.
    7 Jessore Road, Dum Dum,
  • M/s. Sweta Bass
    Industrial Estate,
    Bareily, Uttranchal.
  • M/s. Ganson Ltd.
    6, West View, Dadar,
  • M/s. Richard Engg.(Bombay) Pvt. Ltd.
    25, MIDC Chemical Zone,

Addresses of Raw Material Suppliers

  • M/s. Gujarat Quinon Pvt. Ltd.
    Block 150/B, Tundev, Anjesar
    Road, Tundev, Taal Sabli, Distt.
  • M/s. India Product
    Manilal Mukhi Estate,
    Naroda, Narole Highway,
    Behind Narela House,
  • M/s. Dausala Organics Ltd.
    22 B, Himalaya House,
    Kasturba Gandhi Marg,
    New Delhi-110001.
  • M/s. Indian Dye Stuff Industries Ltd.
    Mafatlal Centre, Nariman Point,
  • M/s. Kanoria Chemical and Industry Ltd.
    Park Plaza, 71, Park Street,
  • M/s. Unity Chemical
    Block No. 85, D Wing,
    Paramal Nagar,
    Gorigaon (W)

For further information please contact

Information Manager
TIMEIS Project