Kerala-Investment and Industrial Policies
Government is fully committed to discourage alcohol consumption as it leads to serious social problems. Creation of awareness against liquor consumption is considered to be crucial to the overall achievement of this policy. Stringent action will be initiated against illicit liquor trade in the state. Enforcement will be strengthened with popular committees to have uninterrupted flow of information to check all liquor related menace. To have meaningful results in this direction, Government will reconstitute committees with inclusion of trade unions, political parties and other NGOs working in the field of prohibition.
The Bio Technology policy for Kerala is designed to catalyse the development and application of BT, taking advantage of the State's resources and emphasizing its specific needs while meeting global requirements. The policy is aimed to ensure the rapid exploitation of pipeline technologies and opportunities available in the State to products and processes and to promote the sustained build-up of an elite knowledge cadre and knowledge base through the strengthening and creation of educational and R&D institutions, establishing infrastructure and putting in place administrative, regulatory, legal and financial framework conducive for investment and growth of BT enterprises, for the economic development and human welfare.
The Government give top priority to the Fisheries sector because (1) this sector provides employment and income to more than one million people, either directly or indirectly, (2) it satisfies the protein requirements of a considerable chunk of the population and (3) it provides considerable revenue, especially in foreign exchange, to the exchequer of the State. Hence the Government of Kerala have undertaken projects and programs for increasing production, for conserving and ensuring sustainable exploitation of fisheries wealth, for promoting cultivation of fish and prawns, for development of fishing harbours and facilities for landing of fish, for strengthening facilities for marketing of fish, and for the upliftment and welfare of the fisher-folk. Below given is the gist of the draft of the Fisheries policy of the Government of Kerala, which in fact is the blue print of the action plans for the developments in the sector and the welfare activities envisaged for the next twenty five years. Government hopes that Scientists, Opinion leaders, Socio-political leaders and all those interested in the matter will go through the draft and offer their learned suggestions and opinions.
Government of Kerala is committed to build an organisational environment in different Departments that inspire and facilitate the realisation of an e-Government, which encompasses inter alia the development & deployment of citizen-centric services through web enabled processes, electronic workflows, e-Enabled applications, collaborative partnerships and participation of citizens/ clients/stakeholders.
The spread of various renewable energy technologies has been aided by a variety of policies and support measures by Government. Major policy initiatives have been taken to encourage private/foreign direct investment to tap energy from renewable sources including provision of fiscal and financial incentives. This policy is directed towards a greater thrust on overall development and promotion of renewable energy technologies and applications. This will facilitate excellent opportunities for increased investment in this sector, technology upgradation, induction of new technology market development and export promotion.
Kerala has been an enigma to the Economists and Social Scientists. While the Economy has
moved from the almost stagnant situation in the 1960s and 70's to the slow growth in Nineties, the State has been in the fore front of Social development indicators in India. Though, post liberalisation phase has seen significant growth in secondary and territory sectors like IT, Tourism, entertainment, internet and mobile services, airlines, banking, insurance etc. the growth has not been commensurate with social development indicators.
Four years ago we had announced India's first ever integrated Foreign Trade Policy for the period 2004-09. At that time we had indicated two major objectives, namely (a) to double our percentage of global merchandise trade within 5 years, and (b) to use trade expansion as an effective instrument of economic growth and employment generation.
The neo liberal policies initiated by the Union Government in the early nineties at the behest of the Bretten Wood twins, the World Bank and the international Monetary Fund, have proved to be detrimental to the indigenous productive sectors and the work force who depend upon them. Marginalisation and pauperization of small farmers, small and medium scale manufacturers and traditional entrepreneurs were the direct result of the policy of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalisation (LPG).
The State of Kerala has always been a forerunner among the states of India in the adoption and application of ICT be it the services/support to its citizens or enabling smoother functioning of the business community. Numerous initiatives have been taken up over the years, which have enabled the State to be at the forefront in implementing ICT projects and pioneer in E-governance activities. The basic ICT infrastructure has already been built up viz., the State Data Center, Kerala State Wide Area Network, Mobile Service Delivery Platform, FRIENDS, Akshaya, the CSC, with its initial emphasis on bridging the digital divide through e-literacy programs and Citizen Call Center etc. Starting at an information dissemination level we have progressed in many fronts to the transactional and transformational levels in the e-governance growth path. The reflections of these have been visible in the" overall ICT adoption in the state across all sectors and ICT related initiatives being brought around by government agencies and private sector alike.
The Government of Kerala have issued several guidelines from time to time, for the development of Small Hydro Power Projects in the State, since 1992, which encouraged private investment to harness 'green energy' from natural resources. With the enactment of Electricity Act 2003 and notification of National Electricity Policy in 2005 and Tariff Policy in 2006, under section 3 of the Electricity Act 2003, it was necessary to formulate a policy for the promotion and development of Small Hydro Power Projects in the State. Accordingly, the Director, Energy Management Centre (EMC) submitted draft "Kerala Small Hydro Policy 2012", for the consideration and approval of Government. The draft policy was published in the website of EMC for suggestions from the general public and presented before the prospective investors and IPP/CPP allottees of SHPs, in their meeting held at Thiruvananthapuram on 10.04.2012.
During the period of foreign rule, Britishers introduced industrialisation and thereby heralded the advent of labour sector in this country. With the emergence of native industrialists the labour sector expanded. The pace of industrialization and the expansion of labour sector was accelerated by the first and second world wars. In the early years the workers organised to obtain wages to meet limited needs for livelihood and convenience to work decently. Labour struggle became a part of national movement. The concepts of freedom, democracy, secularism and socialism, were indoctrinated in the labour movement, thanks to agitations for rights of workers. The trade union leaders of yesteryears played a glorious role in this respect.
Provision of adequate infrastructure is a prerequisite for sustained growth of economy and inherent to such growth is the need to ensure cost-effective movement of people and goods. An efficient road infrastructure is therefore an essential requirement. Over the successive five year plans, investment in road infrastructure has been increasing progressively in the state. Kerala has developed an extensive road network which provides connectivity to all settlements. This is an achievement few other states in the country can lay claim to.
The first ever-serious attempt to review and analyse the urbanisation process and to formulate policies for integrated urban development in the country began with the appointment of the National Commission on Urbanisation in the 1980s. The main objectives of Urban Development Policy as envisaged by the National Commission on Urbanisation included the following.
- Saving the super-metros and national cities and also reviving their economies;
- Development of fast growing intermediary level urban centres by ensuring financial investment for maintaining the existing infrastructure and augmenting it to a level wherein they will be more efficient urban entities; and
- Development of stagnating towns by providing gainful employment opportunities. The National Commission on Urbanisation suggested that urbanisation strategy should be a part of the major strategy of generating economic growth.
Water is a natural resource vital for the survival of life. It is becoming increasingly evident chat limited availability of water can impede further progress while its thoughtless exploitation can negate most of our socio-economic achievements. With the availability of water and water use pattern undergoing constant changes and facing pressures owing to a variety of environmental and human factors, it has become necessary to lay down guidelines and policy parameters for the optimal utilization and proper conservation of this natural resource.