Haryana - Investment and Industrial Policies
- The Government of India's National Policy on Education, 1986 (modified in the year 1992) is a forthright statement on Education as an empowering agent. The country has reached a stage in its economic and technical development where a major effort must be made to derive maximum benefit from the assets already created and to ensure that the fruits of development reach all sections. The NPE, thus, rightly identified for focussed attention and intervention, a number of thrust areas which inter-alia included education for equality at all stages of education, open learning systems, promoting efficiency and effectiveness at all levels and making the system work through effective management of education.
- The Central Government while making certain modifications in NPE (1986 ) in 1992 took a significant decision to direct the State Governments to have their own State Programme of Action for implementing the thrust areas of the policy in view of local conditions keeping the spirit of NPE intact. The State of Haryana also devised its own State POA in 1994. The NPE further provided for a periodic review of the thrust areas in consonance with the dynamics of education related needs and aspirations of the populace. Hence the need now to identify new areas of action & take suitable policy initiatives.
Information Technology (IT) would have a prominent and progressive role in the new millennium as the single most important enabler for improving efficiency and effectiveness in organisations. The State Government recognises the role of IT as an effective tool in catalysing economic activity, in efficient governance and in developing human resource. This policy seeks a deep impact initiative by the State Government in encouraging replacement of traditional delivery system of public services by IT driven system of governance that works better, costs less and is capable of serving the citizens' needs with ease. A high degree of public satisfaction through transparent and efficient functioning of public domain activities would be at the focus of IT initiative. Application of sunrise technologies in transition to a knowledge based society, providing equal opportunity to all in reaping the benefits of development, harnessing vast potential of human endeavour and enriching quality of life shall provide the long term underpinning of socio-economic transformation of the State. This policy further seeks to facilitate private domain initiative in e-transition of Haryana by providing critical infrastructure, systems framework and enabling environment.
With a splendid economic growth, one of the highest per capita income index, sound industrial infrastructure, strong manufacturing base, advanced agriculture sector and vibrant service sector, Haryana is among the highly economically developed and industrialised States of India. The State has its manufacturing stronghold particularly in sectors like automobile & auto components, light engineering goods, IT & ITES, textile & apparels and electrical & electronic goods.
Indian economy has indicated trends of strong growth and if sustained, the country is slated to move into an orbit of economic upsurge unwitnessed in the past. The Government of India has taken initiative to support private effort by further liberalizing EXIM and FDI regimes to enable growth in all sectors of the economy. Reforms in the Banking and Insurance sectors, strong commitment to Agriculture and Social sectors, focused investments in infrastructure and promotion of new technologies hold potential of sustaining growth.
Indian economic upsurge has thrown open global opportunities for businesses to expand taking advantage of an enormous young workforce, potential of frontier technologies, national capabilities in assimilation of technological advancements, and outreach to a strong domestic market. IP 2005 seeks to capture these opportunities, leveraging the strengths of the State in agriculture and its established comparative advantages in manufacturing, for promotion of investment and taking industry to front ranks of global competition. This would to be achieved through creation of an efficient, investor friendly environment and supported by coordinated development of infrastructure and sunrise areas. Benefits of a strong growth of economy are sought to be dispersed across the state and sectors.
Haryana is fast emerging as one of the most favoured investment destinations in India. The globalization of markets and a buoyant economy have given a tremendous impetus to the industrial sector in Haryana, which already has a competitive advantage in terms of fortuitous location, basic infrastructure, a large, skilled and young workforce and an enabling Industrial Policy. In this scenario, Industrial Relations are poised at the threshold of a new era in which an increasingly dynamic balance has to be continually evolved between capital and labour, towards productive efficiency with social justice. The Central Government has also been emphasizing the need for reorienting labour policies in
line with the newly emerging economic scenario.
It has been observed that the last quarter rush for the purchase of store items is not a prudent financial practice. The store items ought to be procured in a manner that the budgetary provisions for the same are utilized in an evenly spread manner throughout the year. As such, it is important that the Departments prepare their procurement plans for the year especially when the budgetary provisions are known to each and every department/ organization as soon as the Appropriation Bill is passed and the grants are communicated to all the line departments by the Finance Department. The Finance Department has already delegated the powers to issue financial/ administrative sanctions within the approved plan budget subject to such outflows being restricted to 20% of the annual plan budget during the first quarter, 25% of the plan budget during the second quarter, another 25% of the plan budget during the third quarter and 30% during the last quarter of the financial year.
Government of Haryana (GoH) recognizes that a partnership approach under Public Private Partnership (PPP) should be one of the tools to deliver public services to improve the quality of life of its people. The XI Plan document and stated policy of Haryana Government (official website: haryana.gov.in), implicitly and explicitly, recognize the role of private sector in development of physical and social infrastructure.
Information Technology (IT) Policy 2000 and Development of Communication Backbone Infrastructure in the State.
The State Government recognizes the role of Information Technology as an effective tool in catalyzing economic activity, providing good governance, improving the State economy, enhancing the quality of life and ensuring development with equity. Accordingly the Government of Haryana has recently announced its comprehensive information technology policy, for an all-round transformation of the State's economy. The policy, further seeks to facilitate private domain initiative in e-transition of Haryana by providing critical infrastructure, system framework and enabling environment. The policy also encourages distance education through use of information technology tools, information technology-enabled services for providing large-scale employment and also to take Internet to the villages at the earliest to spur economic growth in rural areas and to ensure that the benefits of technology percolate down to the masses.
Industrial Policy, 2005 lays down that the objective of industrial and economic growth shall be achieved, amongst other factors, by encouraging public private partnership in infrastructure projects. In particular, development of industrial infrastructure with private sector participation has been emphasized. So far, the task of development of industrial infrastructure viz, Industrial Estates has been entrusted to Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC). This Corporation has developed industrial areas of over eight thousand acres at different locations in the State. This also includes two growth centers at Bawal and Saha and an Industrial Model Township at Manesar (Gurgaon).
No.S.O. 46/C.A.59/1988/S.99/2010.- Whereas, the Haryana Roadways, a Haryana State Transport Undertaking is providing transport services on all the inter-state and inter-state routes except certain routes on link roads in Haryana allotted to the unemployed youth through their co-operative transport societies under the Scheme 1993 and Scheme 2001, and that the need for passenger transportation has been increasing constantly which is resulting into proliferation of unauthorized operation of traffic in the State; therefore, in order to bridge the gap between demand and supply of transport services, the Governor of Haryana is of the opinion that for the purpose of providing an efficient, adequate, economical and properly co-ordinated road transport service, it is necessary and in the public interest that passenger roads transport services in general should continue to be run and operated by the State Transport Undertaking, namely Haryana Roadways to the complete exclusion of other persons except on routes specified under this scheme and those routes situated on link roads and allotted to private Transport Co-operative Societies of unemployed youth under the Scheme 1993 and Scheme 2001.
The IT Policy 2000 of the State emphasizes the use of Web Technology to disseminate the information across the world and to enhance the citizen-IT interface. Also, the Policy recognizes the need of using Web Potential in bridging the gap between the Government and the Citizen. Therefore, it has been highlighted that wherever citizen interface is involved, Web enabled applications will be developed. All public domain information like official gazette notifications, acts, rules, regulations, circulars, policies and programme documents would be digitized and made available for electronic access on Web. The NIC has developed, hosted and maintaining the official website of the State at URL http://haryana.nic.in. The websites of other departments are also connected to this website.
The process of developing organization specific websites has also started and a number Departments, Boards and Corporation and district authorities have made their web presence. But, this entire effort needs to streamlined and integrated into a well knit web for the State Government. That gives impetus to the preparation of a policy for the Website Development, Hosting and Maintenance.